Lead-Tin Yellow Dark (Type Ii) Pigment, Size: 100 G Jar

SKU: NAP-437-5210
    Unit Price
    Quantity
    Subtotal
    US 81.75$
    US 109.00$
    US 81.75$
    US 109.00$
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    Color
    Yellow
    Processing time
    Usually ships the next business day.
    Pigment type
    Inorganic, Historical, Synthetic
    Description

    Lead-tin yellow (type II) is an artificial pigment made by heating lead and tin oxide together. Its warm hue is deeper than lead-tin yellow (type I) and more transparent, making it suitable for warm yellow glazes.

    Pigment Names
    Current
    Names:
    English: lead-tin yellow
    French: jaune de plomb étain
    German: Blei-Zinn Gelb
    Italian: giallo di piombo-stagno
    Spanish: amarillo de plomo-estano


    Origin and History
    The early production of lead-tin yellow (type II) was connected with the glass and ceramic industry. Its manufacture probably predates that of lead-tin yellow (type I), since it occurs as a by-product during the manufacture of lead crystal glass. The earliest recipe for lead-tin yellow (type II) is found in the Bolognese manuscript, written in the first half of the fifteenth century. Lead-tin yellow II has been found principally in Florentine, Venetian, and Bohemian paintings. It was used on works by Giotto, the workshop of di Cione, Veronese, and Tintoretto.

    Source
    There are two types of lead-tin yellow, designated as types I and II. Type I is lead-tin oxide and is most frequently found on old paintings. Type II is a second variety of lead-tin oxide that may contain free tin oxide and additional silicon. Possibly both types were used as opacifiers in ancient glasses. Lead-tin yellow (type II) is produced by fusing lead, tin, and quartz compounds at about 800° C, yielding a yellow lead glass pigment that is ground and screened through a fine mesh.

    Permanence and Compatibility
    Lead-tin yellow is not affected by light and is stable under normal atmosphere. On paintings, lead-tin yellow (type I) has been found mixed with lead white, vermilion, yellow lakes, ochres, verdigris, indigo and azurite.

    Oil Absorption and Grinding
    Lead-tin yellow a small amount of oil (16 g oil per 100 g of pigment). It is a fast dryer in oil paint and forms an excellent film.

    Toxicity
    Lead-tin yellow contains lead and is poisonous. Utmost care should be used in handling the dry powder pigment to avoid inhaling the dust.


    Pigment: Lead-Tin Yellow Dark (Type II)

    Pigment Information
    Color: Yellow
    Colour Index: -
    Chemical Name: Lead-Tin Oxide Silicate
    Chemical Formula: Pb(Sn,Si)O3
    ASTM Lightfastness Rating
    Acrylic: Not Tested
    Oil: Not Tested
    Watercolor: Not Tested
    Properties
    Specific Gravity:
    Hardness:
    Refractive Index:
    Oil Absorption: 16.74 g oil/100 g pigment



    Shipping specs
    Weight
    0.22 lbs
    Shipping from
    This product is shipped from our supplier's warehouse in Willits, CA, United States
    Our guarantee
    This product is brand new and includes the manufacturer's warranty, so you can buy with confidence.
    A 25% handling charge is levied against all authorized returns except those due to our error. Unauthorized returns are subject to a 40% handling charge. Damages & defects must be reported to us within 14 days.
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