Spirits Of Gum Turpentine, Size: 32 Fl Oz

SKU: NAP-520-1TRPT32
Unit Price
US$ 30.36
US$ 30.50
US$ 30.36
US$ 30.50
US$ 30.181%
US$ 30.071%
Congratulations! You got a great price!
Add to cart Added
Processing time
Usually ships the next business day.

Gum Turpentine is obtained by the distillation of sap tapped from living pine trees. Turpentine has more solvency than mineral spirits or odorless mineral spirits. Its high solvent strength makes it the best choice for thinning oils and natural resins.

Our pure spirits of gum turpentine is steam-distilled (rectified) from pine trees (Pinus elliottii) in Brazil, a species often used as the benchmark by which others are judged. It contains over 90% pinene, almost half of which is beta-pinene, and virtually no high-boiling constituents. It does not contain impurities found in industrial grades of turpentine, which makes them unsuitable for artists' use. It is used with linseed or other oils as a medium, with dammar or mastic as a diluent for picture varnishes, or as a solvent for cleaning brushes and tools.

Traditional Artists’ Thinner

This is the traditional artists' thinner (diluent) for oil colors, mediums and varnishes. It improves the flow and dissolves wet oil colors easily and evaporates readily. Add directly to oil colors, mediums or varnishes for thinning; soak brushes well to remove color or varnish.

Turpentine is considered to be a better solvent than mineral spirits, and the best solvent for natural resins, such as dammar and mastic. It readily dissolves most of the natural varnish resins. It will not dissolve the fossil resins (copal) until they have been heat-processed to render them soluble in drying oils. Turpentine is a solvent for many of the alkyd resins. Short oil-modified alkyd resins require a more active solvent, and so manufacturers use d-limonene (dipentene) or petroleum solvents.

While both turpentine and mineral spirits are good brush cleaners, turpentine can remove paint that has hardened slightly. Mineral spirits will only dissolve fresh oil paint.

Differences Between Turpentines—Wood, Kraft and Gum

Gum turpentine or spirits of gum turpentine is recommended for artists' painting or varnish applications over other turpentine products, such as wood turpentine. The principal difference between the turpentine products available today—gum turpentine and wood turpentine—is the constituent b-pinene, which is almost entirely absent from wood turpentine. Wood turpentine can be used as a solvent for oil paint, but gum turpentine is more suitable for natural varnishes.

What is the Difference Between Rectified or Distilled Turpentine

All gum turpentine sold is steam-distilled and the labels of "double" or "triple distilled" is a point of distinction that has little or no real meaning in commerce today. Rectified turpentine is the term used in the United Kingdom to signify distilled turpentine.

Some believe that turpentine aged "several months" is a superior thinner and increases its durability. This was a recommendation often encountered in nineteenth-century artists' manual, but its efficacy is unknown. Turpentine stored 15 to 18 months, still passes the ASTM tests so that the degree of oxidation developed under normal storage conditions during this period is not great.

How to Properly Store Turpentine

Turpentine may darken when exposed to air and light because it develops hydroperoxides, acids and other by-products that can attack metal storage containers. Darkening may also occur in plastic containers since these are permeable to oxygen. Here is some technical information about turpentine:

"Chemically speaking, turpentine is a highly unsaturated body. It combines directly with oxygen, chlorin, bromin, iodin, hydrogen chlorid, nitric acid, sulphuric acid, and many other chemically active substances. On standing for some time in a partially filled container, especially when exposed to the light, or on exposure to the air for a shorter period in the form of a thin film, turpentine absorbs oxygen from the air (becomes oxidized). At the same time, small quantities of hydrogen peroxide are liberated. It will be noticed that the cork stopper from a bottle partially filled with turpentine is bleached, like the cork in a bottle of hydrogen peroxide. As a result of the absorption of oxygen, the turpentine becomes more viscous and oily and turns yellow, a solid white deposit often forming at the bottom of the bottle. The odor becomes sharp and disagreeable, the specific gravity, the refractive index, and the boiling point are raised, and the percentage distilling up to certain limits becomes less. Small quantities of acetic and other acids are formed in the turpentine. These attack the tin or iron of a can or tank in which the turpentine may be stored, and the dissolved iron helps to darken the color. For this reason, turpentine should not be stored in partially filled iron or tin cans or tanks unless they have first been painted inside with a turpentine-resisting paint."

"Spirits of turpentine is believed to owe its superiority as a paint thinner to its property of absorbing oxygen from the air, the drying of paint being due to the absorption of oxygen from the air by the linseed or other drying oil, forming a hard insoluble film of linoxyn. It is said that turpentine acts as an oxygen carrier, transferring oxygen from the air to the linseed oil, and finally adding to the paint film the nonvolatile residue left after evaporation, which also acts like a drying oil."

Source: Fletcher Pearre Veitch and Victor Edward Grotlisch, Turpentine: Its Sources, Properties, Uses, Transportation, and Marketing, with Recommended Specifications, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bulletin Number 898, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1921, pp. 5–6.

The question is what is the best packaging for the sale and storage of turpentine that results in the best product? We opted for metal cans that are not permeable to oxygen as is plastic, and prevents exposure to light that also is detrimental to the properties of turpentine. However, once a can is partially empty this may cause darkening of the turpentine if stored in the can for extended periods. If you do not use all the turpentine within a reasonable amount of time, we recommend pouring the partial contents from the can and filling amber glass bottles.

Turpentine Specifications

This product meets Federal Specification TT-T-801.

Product Name: Gum Turpentine (Produced in Brazil)
Oil of Turpentine (Mixture of bicyclic monoterpenic hydrocarbons, mostly α and β-pinene)
CAS No.: Gum Turpentine: 9005-90-7
Oil of Turpentine: 8006-64-2
EINECS No.: 232-350-7
Flash Point (TCC): 95° F (35° C)
Flash Point (Open Cup): 120°F (49°C)
Refractive Index: 1.465–1.478
Specific Gravity (H2O=1): 0.865–0.875
Evaporation Rate (Ether=1):
Typical Constituents
α-Pinene (CAS No. 80-56-8): 40–55%
β-Pinene (CAS No. 127-91-3): 30–40%
Other Terpenes: 3–10%
How to Use Turpentine

Use as a thinner for oil-based paints, varnishes, and mediums. Use to dissolve natural resins, such as mastic, dammar, Venice turpentine and Canada balsam, for making varnishes and mediums. Unexcelled as a thinner of oil-based paints.

Directions: Use turpentine to dissolve paint, varnish or mediums, then wash off the residue in warm soapy water, and finally rinse in clean water.

Health and Safety

Ecological Impact: Turpentine is a natural product and its individual components are entirely biodegradable within a few days depending on the dilution degree, temperature, air supply and bacteria present.

WARNING! Contains terpene hydrocarbons. Flammable liquid and vapor. Harmful if swallowed, inhaled or absorbed through skin. Affects central nervous system. Causes irritation to skin, eyes and respiratory tract. Overexposure may result in nausea, headache, dizziness, confusion or instability.

PRECAUTIONS: Avoid prolonged contact with skin and breathing vapors. Keep away from eyes. Keep away from heat or flame. Use the exhaust fan to assure adequate cross ventilation. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.

FIRST AID: If swallowed do not induce vomiting, give edible oil to drink and get prompt medical attention. If eye irritation occurs, rinse with water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation persists, seek medical care. If skin irritation occurs, wash affected area with copious amounts of soap and water. If symptoms of overexposure occur, move to fresh air. If symptoms persist, see a physician. For further health information contact a local poison control center or call 1-800-445-7067.

COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID! United States Department of Transportation (DOT) shipping regulations requires that this item can only be shipped surface or ground. No international shipments and no air shipments are allowed. Combustible liquids are shipped by UPS Ground only, allow 5–10 business days. Due to DOT regulations, all combustible items must be shipped in separate boxes. Combustible items cannot be returned and will ship only to the 48 contiguous states. Multiple quantities of the same item must ship in separate containers. No combustible shipments to PO boxes. Call customer service with questions at 888-361-5900.

Note: Does not qualify for the Natural Pigments promotions.

Shipping specs
2 lbs
Shipping from
This product is shipped from our supplier's warehouse in Willits, CA, United States
Our guarantee
This product is brand new and includes the manufacturer's warranty, so you can buy with confidence.
A 25% handling charge is levied against all authorized returns except those due to our error. Unauthorized returns are subject to a 40% handling charge. Damages & defects must be reported to us within 14 days.
Customers Who Bought This Item Also Bought
You recently viewed items