Lead-Tin Yellow Dark (Type Ii) Pigment

SKU: NAP-GROUP-938659
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Color
Yellow
Processing time
Usually ships the next business day.
Description

Lead-tin yellow (type II) is an artificial pigment made by heating lead and tin oxide together. Its warm hue is deeper than lead-tin yellow (type I) and more transparent, making it suitable for warm yellow glazes.

Pigment Names
Current
Names:
English: lead-tin yellow
French: jaune de plomb étain
German: Blei-Zinn Gelb
Italian: giallo di piombo-stagno
Spanish: amarillo de plomo-estano


Origin and History
The early production of lead-tin yellow (type II) was connected with the glass and ceramic industry. Its manufacture probably predates that of lead-tin yellow (type I), since it occurs as a by-product during the manufacture of lead crystal glass. The earliest recipe for lead-tin yellow (type II) is found in the Bolognese manuscript, written in the first half of the fifteenth century. Lead-tin yellow II has been found principally in Florentine, Venetian, and Bohemian paintings. It was used on works by Giotto, the workshop of di Cione, Veronese, and Tintoretto.

Source
There are two types of lead-tin yellow, designated as types I and II. Type I is lead-tin oxide and is most frequently found on old paintings. Type II is a second variety of lead-tin oxide that may contain free tin oxide and additional silicon. Possibly both types were used as opacifiers in ancient glasses. Lead-tin yellow (type II) is produced by fusing lead, tin, and quartz compounds at about 800° C, yielding a yellow lead glass pigment that is ground and screened through a fine mesh.

Permanence and Compatibility
Lead-tin yellow is not affected by light and is stable under normal atmosphere. On paintings, lead-tin yellow (type I) has been found mixed with lead white, vermilion, yellow lakes, ochres, verdigris, indigo and azurite.

Oil Absorption and Grinding
Lead-tin yellow a small amount of oil (16 g oil per 100 g of pigment). It is a fast dryer in oil paint and forms an excellent film.

Toxicity
Lead-tin yellow contains lead and is poisonous. Utmost care should be used in handling the dry powder pigment to avoid inhaling the dust.


Pigment: Lead-Tin Yellow Dark (Type II)
Pigment Information
Color: Yellow
Colour Index: -
Chemical Name: Lead-Tin Oxide Silicate
Chemical Formula: Pb(Sn,Si)O3
ASTM Lightfastness Rating
Acrylic: Not Tested
Oil: Not Tested
Watercolor: Not Tested
Properties
Specific Gravity:
Hardness:
Refractive Index:
Oil Absorption: 16.74 g oil/100 g pigment
Shipping from
This product is shipped from our supplier's warehouse in Willits, CA, United States
Our guarantee
This product is brand new and includes the manufacturer's warranty, so you can buy with confidence.
A 25% handling charge is levied against all authorized returns except those due to our error. Unauthorized returns are subject to a 40% handling charge. Damages & defects must be reported to us within 14 days.
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