Lead-Tin Yellow Lemon (Type I) Pigment

SKU: NAP-GROUP-938658
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Color
Yellow
Processing time
Usually ships the next business day.
Pigment type
Inorganic, Historical, Synthetic
Description

Lead-Tin Yellow Lemon (Type I) is a synthetic pigment made by heating lead and tin oxide together and frequently occurs in European painting before the eighteenth century.

Pigment Names
Common Names: English: lead-tin yellow
French: jaune de plomb-étain
German: Blei-Zinn Gelb
Italian: giallo di piombo-stagno
Russian: Свинцово-Оловянистая
Spanish: amarillo de plomo-estan
Alternate Names: massicot, giallolino, giallorino
Pigment Information
Color: Yellow
Pigment Classification: Natural Inorganic
Colour Index: Not Listed
Chemical Name: Lead-Tin Oxide (Lead Stannate)
Chemical Formula: Pb2SnO4
CAS No.: 12036-31-6
Series No.: 7
ASTM Lightfastness
Acrylic: Not Listed
Oil: Not Listed
Watercolor: Not Listed
Physical Properties
Particle Size (mean): 12 microns
Density:
Hardness:
Refractive Index:
Oil Absorption: 16 grams oil / 100 grams pigment
Health and Safety DANGER! CONTAINS LEAD. HARMFUL IF SWALLOWED. Avoid ingestion and skin contact. Wear protective clothing and gloves to prevent contact with skin. Never use near children or pets. Conforms to ASTM D-4236.

Proposition 65: Warning: This product contains lead, a chemical known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects and other reproductive harm.

DANGER
CONTAINS LEAD / CONTIENT DU PLOMB
DO NOT APPLY TO SURFACES ACCESSIBLE TO CHILDREN OR PREGNANT WOMEN.
NE PAS APPLIQUER SUR UNE SURFACE ACCESSIBLE AUX ENFANTS OU AUX FEMMES ENCEINTES.

Must be used exclusively as material for the purposes of arts, crafts or hobbies, not for use by children. Utiliser uniquement aux fins suivantes comme matériaux pour les besoins d'art, d'artisanat ou passe-temps, pas pour une utilisation par les enfants.

Always protect yourself against chronic hazards of this and other chemical products by keeping them out of your body. Do this by avoiding ingestion, excessive skin contact, and inhalation of spraying mists, sanding dusts and vapors from heating.

For a detailed explanation of the terms in the table above, please visit .

Origin and History

Lead-tin yellow frequently occurs in European painting before the eighteenth century. The earliest recipes for a yellow pigment from lead and tin was found in the Bolognese manuscript from the first half of the fifteenth century. Old Italian manuscripts make reference to a pigment of pale yellow color called giallolino or giallorino while northern manuscripts use the term massicot (which now designates yellow lead oxide) to describe a pigment prepared from lead and tin.

Source

There are, in fact, two types of lead-tin yellow, designated as types I and II. Type I is lead-tin oxide and is most frequently found on old paintings. Type II is a second variety of lead-tin oxide that may contain free tin oxide and additional silicon. Possibly both types were used as opacifiers in ancient glasses. Lead-tin yellow (type I) is prepared by heating in a crucible a mixture of lead dioxide and tin dioxide to a temperature of about 800° C. Warmer hues of yellow appear at lower temperatures and at about 700–800° C, the more lemon-colored hues develop.

Permanence and Compatibility

Lead-tin yellow is not affected by light and is stable under normal atmosphere. On paintings, lead-tin yellow (type I) has been found mixed with lead white, vermilion, yellow lakes, ochres, verdigris, indigo and azurite.

Oil Absorption and Grinding

Lead-tin yellow a small amount of oil (16 g oil per 100 g of pigment). It is a fast dryer in oil paint and forms an excellent film.

Toxicity

Lead-tin yellow contains lead and is toxic. Utmost care should be used in handling the dry powder pigment to avoid inhaling the dust.

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This product is shipped from our supplier's warehouse in Willits, CA, United States
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This product is brand new and includes the manufacturer's warranty, so you can buy with confidence.
A 25% handling charge is levied against all authorized returns except those due to our error. Unauthorized returns are subject to a 40% handling charge. Damages & defects must be reported to us within 14 days.
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